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According to the Mayo Clinic, a migraine is a headache that can cause severe throbbing pain or a pulsing sensation, usually on one side of the head. It’s often accompanied by nausea, vomiting, and extreme sensitivity to light and sound. Migraine attacks can last for hours to days, and the pain can be so severe that it interferes with your daily activities.

For some people, a warning symptom known as an aura occurs before or with the headache. An aura can include visual disturbances, such as flashes of light or blind spots, or other disturbances, such as tingling on one side of the face or in an arm or leg and difficulty speaking.

Four Stages of Migraines

Aura (before or during)

Usually visual disturbances that begin gradually and can last up to 60 minutes

  • Visual phenomena (seeing shapes, bright spots or flashes of light)

  • Vision loss

  • Pins and needles sensation in arms or legs

  • Weakness or numbness in the face or one side of the body

  • Difficulty speaking

Prodrome (1-2 days before)

Subtle changes that can act as a "warning sign" of an upcoming migraine

  • Constipation

  • Mood swings

  • Food cravings

  • Neck stiffness

  • Increased urination

  • Fluid retention

  • Frequent yawning

Migraine Attack

A migraine headache lasts from 4 to 72 hours, how often varies per person

  • Pain usually on one side of the head

  • Pain that throbs or pulses

  • Sensitivity to light and sound

  • Nausea and vomiting

Post-drome (24 hours after)

Symptoms occurring after the migraine has subsided

  • Confusion

  • Fatigue

  • Exhaustion

  • Headache

*Not everyone with migraines experiences all stages

How Neurofeedback helps

The treatment of choice is typically medication which may help improve symptoms but can be limited in resolving or preventing migraines. Neurofeedback offers another solution.

Headaches and migraines are neuro-vascular which means increased blood flow is almost always the culprit. Neurofeedback therapy strengthens the Brain, reduces excessive blood flow, and creates a balance in the brain that has been proven to eliminate or reduce the severity and frequency of headaches and migraines. After beginning neurofeedback training many clients notice an easier time identifying triggers for headaches and migraines and at The Brain and Wellness Center, we explore all aspects of improving function.

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